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Best Practices In School Based Suicide Intervention: A Comprehensive Approach

This guide was developed in 2014 by Manitoba’s Youth Suicide Prevention Education Initiatives Task Team (YSPSEITT), co-led by Healthy Child Manitoba Office and Manitoba Education and Advanced Learning along with other government and community-based stakeholders. The project was identified as a priority under the Reclaiming Hope: Manitoba’s Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy. The guide is intended to support Manitoba schools and alternative education settings in developing comprehensive plans for suicide prevention by identifying and defining principles of a whole school approach to suicide prevention gleaned from research and best practice evidence. It provides checklists, sample policies, postvention protocols, guidelines and self assessment tools to aid schools in choosing suicide prevention programming that best fits their unique population. The guide discusses in detail, eight key aspects of a whole school approach. As well, it defines and explores the relationship between suicide and non-suicidal self injury, bullying, suicide contagion, substance abuse and cultural safety.

The guide also includes lists of Manitoba resources, links to other evidence-based suicide prevention materials and a list of youth crisis services in the province.

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Suicide Prevention: Guidelines for Public Awareness and Education Activities

This document was created to support the use of leading and promising practice in public awareness and education efforts for suicide prevention. It is intended to guide and enhance creative and effective education and awareness campaigns. It is hoped that these campaigns will be developed with thoughtful and careful consideration and deliberation of any benefits and risks – with the guiding principle to do no harm.

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A Framework for Suicide Prevention Planning in Manitoba

This framework was developed by a committee composed of representatives of the regional health authorities, self help groups, consumers, and First Nations and Metis communities. The framework is intended for use by community partners to work together to implement regional and local suicide prevention plans. Based on The Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention’s Blueprint for a Canadian National Suicide Prevention Strategy, the framework includes five components with goals, objectives, and practical examples used in other jurisdictions.

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Hope and Resiliency at Work Manitoba

In education settings, students are not the only ones at risk for suicide. In order to ensure positive mental health is being promoted among the student body, good mental health needs to be promoted among the staff and teachers as well. This resource provides suggestions that can be implemented with staff to encourage mental wellness.

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Every Person’s Guide to Self-Compassion

Compassion is an essential part of interacting with other human beings. Research has shown that babies who are denied nurturing surroundings do not develop normally, and our need for positive human connections is not something that disappears. What is often overlooked is self compassion. This pamphlet discusses the misconceptions associated with harsh self criticisms and motivation, and highlights ways that self compassion can help alleviate anxiety and depression, give us hope and the strength to begin making changes. It highlights the work of certain researchers working on understanding self compassion, and provides tips for how to begin practicing this essential skill.

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Reclaiming Hope: Manitoba’s Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy

This strategy was led into development by Manitoba Health and Healthy Living in December 2008 and identifies a number of priorities for action. The ultimate goal of the strategy is prevention of youth suicide and suicide-related thoughts/behaviours. It seeks also to enhance protective factors and reduce risk factors that have been linked to suicidal thoughts by assisting youth in developing healthy coping strategies as individuals, enhancing family/social/community networks, and improving access to mental health treatment. The strategy also seeks to find new ways to resolve inter-jurisdictional barriers to providing service to Aboriginal communities.

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After a Suicide: A Toolkit for Schools

This document provides a broad consensus regarding the best ways to deal with a tragic loss in a school community and to promote a coordinated crisis response in order to effectively manage the situation, provide opportunities for grief support, maintain an environment focused on normal educational activities, help students cope with their feelings, and minimize the risk of suicide contagion.

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After a Suicide: Recommendations for Religious Services and Other Public Memorial Observances
This guide from the Suicide Prevention Resource Center provides guidance to community and faith leaders who plan memorial observances and provide support for individuals after the loss of a loved one to suicide.

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Guide for Engaging the Media in Suicide Prevention

This guide from the Suicide Prevention Resource Center and Suicide Prevention Action Network (SPAN-USA) teaches you how to serve as an effective media spokesperson and how to generate media coverage to create awareness of suicide prevention. The publication describes how to use television, radio, and print media and provides examples of press releases, media advisories, pitch letters, op-eds and more. It also gives tips for identifying appropriate media outlets, creating up-to-date media lists, and tracking your results.

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Suicide Clusters and Contagion: Recognizing and Addressing Suicide Contagion are Essential to Successful Suicide Postvention Efforts

This article from National Association of Secondary School Principals describes the problem of contagion and the ways that administrators can act to prevent it by establishing a crisis team, recognizing and monitoring at-risk students, and mobilizing community-wide responses.

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Suicide Prevention and Intervention in the Schools

This article from the National Association of Secondary School Principals provides guidance to administrators on the problem of student suicide; warning signs; suicide prevention planning, including school-wide approaches, such as gatekeeper training, screening, and establishing a suicide prevention task force; and postvention. Also includes legal considerations and responding to caregivers.

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School-wide Methods for Fostering Resiliency

Administrators can foster students’ resiliency by supporting positive relationships, encouraging positive attitudes and emotions, promoting students’ self-control, fostering academic self-determination and feelings of competence, and fostering the resiliency of teachers and staff members.

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Helping Traumatized Children Learn

Information on how to create trauma-sensitive schools, including a groundbreaking publication that describes the impact of trauma on learning and proposes a policy agenda.

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The Relationship Between Bullying and Suicide: What We Know and What it Means for Schools

With stories of bullying in schools becoming more prevalent, teachers and staff may be left wondering how best to cope with this issue. This article, directed specifically towards school staff, teachers and administrators, highlights key research about the relationship between bullying and suicide related behavior. Based on recent research it aims to provide prevention based actions to help improve the knowledge base and ability of educators to respond to bullying behavior and the consequences it has on all students. This article also provides supporting resources and additional reading.

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